Perspectives of Language Development

Modeling/Reinforcement

“Some early theorists suggested that language development is largely the result of modeling-that children simply imitate the speech of others” (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2013). Children are able to imitate words and actions before they are even able to speak. The more words adults and caregivers use on a daily basis the more that children are able to use. When children are encouraged to use their words or make speech sounds and adults reinforce the language then the children will acquire better speech capabilities.

Noam Chomsky

Nativism is “a theoretical perspective proposing that some knowledge is biologically built-in and available at birth or soon thereafter” (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2013). Noam Chomsky believed that children inherited different language and skills from their surroundings. This helps them become more developmentally exposed especially if they come from very diverse backgrounds.

 

McDevitt, Teresa & Ormrod, Jeanne Ellis. (2013). Child Development and Education. 326.